Children's Allergies 101

Children’s Allergies 101

Get a basic understanding of allergies, colds and how they both can affect your child.

What are allergies?

An “allergyX allergy
An exaggerated response of the immune system to a substance that is ordinarily harmless.
” is an exaggerated reaction of your immune systemX immune system
The body’s defense system that protects us against infections and foreign substances.
to otherwise harmless substances (allergens from pet dander, pollenX pollen
Microscopic grains discharged from the male parts of a plant when it flowers. These need to be carried to the female parts of the plant, in order to reproduce. Pollen grains are typically spread by birds, bees or wind. Pollen is the major cause of hayfever – particularly in hot, dry and windy…
, dust mitesX dust mites
A common trigger for indoor allergies. They are microscopic mites that live in the fibres of pillows, mattresses, blankets and carpet. They live off of our dead skin cells. Inhalation of their droppings can cause allergic reactions such as runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion.
, and mouldX mould
Parasitic, microscopic fungi (like Alternaria) that float in the air like pollen. Mould spores are a common trigger for allergies and can be found in damp areas, such as the basement or bathroom, as well as outdoors in grass, leaf piles, hay, mulch or under mushrooms.
). When your child comes into contact with these allergens, your child’s body confuses them with harmful substances and attacks them by releasing chemicals such as histamineX histamine
A naturally occurring substance that is released by the immune system after being exposed to an allergen. When you inhale an allergen, mast cells located in the nose and sinus membranes release histamine. Histamine then attaches to receptors on nearby blood vessels, causing them to enlarge (dilate)…
into the body. This histamine causes your child to experience allergy symptoms like sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, runny nose, or itchy throat. Allergies are never contagious, but they often run in the family.

an outline of a cloud

Outdoor seasonal allergies versus indoor year-round allergies

Outdoor seasonal allergiesX seasonal allergies
A chronic disease characterised by an overreaction of the immune system to certain allergens commonly found outside, such as tree, grass, or weed pollens, or mould spores. Also called hay fever, outdoor allergies.
describe allergies that can come and go as different plants: trees, grasses, or weeds come into season and release pollenX pollen
Microscopic grains discharged from the male parts of a plant when it flowers. These need to be carried to the female parts of the plant, in order to reproduce. Pollen grains are typically spread by birds, bees or wind. Pollen is the major cause of hayfever – particularly in hot, dry and windy…
into the air. These allergens can be difficult to manage because it seems like they’re everywhere and they’re difficult to avoid. For kids with seasonal allergies, symptoms fluctuate depending on the pollen released into the air by these plants. The pollen level can vary day to day, depending upon several factors, including the weather. Indoor allergiesX Indoor allergies
Characterised by an overreaction of the immune system to certain allergens (see Allergens) commonly found indoors, such as mould spores, pet dander, cockroaches or dust mites (also called perennial allergies). Indoor allergies tend to last longer than allergies caused by exposure to outdoor…
can occur any time of the year and are caused by allergens, from dust mitesX dust mites
A common trigger for indoor allergies. They are microscopic mites that live in the fibres of pillows, mattresses, blankets and carpet. They live off of our dead skin cells. Inhalation of their droppings can cause allergic reactions such as runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion.
, mouldX mould
Parasitic, microscopic fungi (like Alternaria) that float in the air like pollen. Mould spores are a common trigger for allergies and can be found in damp areas, such as the basement or bathroom, as well as outdoors in grass, leaf piles, hay, mulch or under mushrooms.
spores or pet dander. These allergens can be difficult to manage, especially since they tend to exist in our homes year- round. Since you’re often indoors during winter, your allergies to household allergens from moulds, dust mites, and pet dander can appear to be more active, but in truth indoor allergiesX indoor allergies
Characterised by an overreaction of the immune system to certain allergens (see Allergens) commonly found indoors, such as mould spores, pet dander, cockroaches or dust mites (also called perennial allergies). Indoor allergies tend to last longer than allergies caused by exposure to outdoor…
can occur all year long.

an outline of a cloud

What are allergy symptoms?

AllergyX Allergy
An exaggerated response of the immune system to a substance that is ordinarily harmless.
symptoms happen when your child’s immune systemX immune system
The body’s defense system that protects us against infections and foreign substances.
mistakenly attacks a harmless substance like dust or pollenX pollen
Microscopic grains discharged from the male parts of a plant when it flowers. These need to be carried to the female parts of the plant, in order to reproduce. Pollen grains are typically spread by birds, bees or wind. Pollen is the major cause of hayfever – particularly in hot, dry and windy…
by releasing chemicals such as histamineX histamine
A naturally occurring substance that is released by the immune system after being exposed to an allergen. When you inhale an allergen, mast cells located in the nose and sinus membranes release histamine. Histamine then attaches to receptors on nearby blood vessels, causing them to enlarge (dilate)…
. These symptoms can be very similar to classic cold symptoms, which is why it can sometimes be difficult to differentiate between the symptoms of a cold versus allergies.

In general, signs or symptoms of children's allergies may include:


RUNNY NOSE
With allergies, nasal discharge is usually thin, clear, and watery.

SNEEZING
(often several times in a row) Colds and allergies both cause sneezing.

ALLERGY EYEX ALLERGY EYE
Symptoms can include irritated, red, itchy, or watery eyes.

Symptoms include irritated, red, itchy, or watery eyes.

ALLERGIC SHINERSX ALLERGIC SHINERS
Dark, swollen bags under the eyes, possibly caused by nasal congestion.

Dark, swollen bags under the eyes.

ALLERGIC SALUTEX ALLERGIC SALUTE
Frequent upward rubbing of the nose that can last more than 2 weeks. This rubbing can lead to an "allergic crease" or line at the bridge of the nose.

Frequent upward rubbing of the nose that can last more than 2 weeks. This rubbing can lead to an “allergic crease” or line at the bridge of the nose.

MOUTH BREATHING
Can be caused by nasal congestion due to allergies or a cold.

NASAL CONGESTION
Nasal congestion is a stuffy nose due to swollen nasal passages.

an outline of a cloud

What is a cold?

Although allergies share many of the same symptoms as colds, colds are different. A cold occurs when a virus gets into your child’s body and his or her immune systemX immune system
The body’s defense system that protects us against infections and foreign substances.
attacks it—this causes some of the same sneezing and nasal congestion as the symptoms of allergies. But there are some key differences. For one thing, colds are contagious. A child can become infected when someone sneezes, coughs, or touches him or her. Colds and allergies are treated differently, so determining the correct diagnosis will help you to treat appropriately.

Luckily, cold symptoms tend to disappear in 3-14 days. If cold symptoms last longer than 2 weeks, consider contacting your doctor.

Its important to always practice good hygiene with frequent, thorough hand-washing. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands. It’s the most common way that cold viruses get into your system.

Protect others and stay at home if you're unwell. If you're experiencing cold or flu like symptoms stay home and speak to your doctor.

CHILDREN’S CLARATYNE®

Children’s Claratyne® Grape Chewables

Children's Claratyne® Grape Chewables

Non-drowsy chewables in grape flavour offer 24-hour allergy relief for kids on the go.

Children’s Claratyne® Bubblegum Chewables

Children’s Claratyne® Bubblegum Chewables

Non-drowsy chewables in bubblegum flavour offer 24-hour allergy relief for kids on the go.

Children’s Claratyne® Grape Syrup

Children’s Claratyne® Grape Syrup

This non-drowsy syrup has a great child friendly taste and is sugar-free and colour-free.

Children's Claratyne® Peach Syrup

Children's Claratyne® Peach Syrup

This non-drowsy syrup has a great child friendly taste and comes with a handy measuring device.