Allergies & Allergens
There Are Over 200 Allergens Out There!
Amazing, but true…Upper respiratory allergic symptoms can be triggered by any one of hundreds of different airborne allergens…
With 200+ potential inhaled allergens present across the country and throughout the year, you never know which ones you may come into contact with.
Learn the what, when and how of over 200 allergens. Here’s a quick run-down of the latest information.
Where Do These Allergens Come From?
- The 200+ allergens come from four categories of botanical, fungal and animal sources: pet dander, pollen, dust mite, and mould.
- These four sources generate the hundreds of separate and unique airborne allergy-triggers.
- In any one location, at any one point in time, there may be a variety of unique allergens present; mould spores and pet dander, for example. But whether you have one Golden Retriever with pet dander or 100 Golden Retrievers with pet dander, there are similar allergens among them.
The “Big Four” Inhaled-Allergen Sources
Here’s a closer look at the four categories of distinct upper-respiratory allergens:
Even if you don’t think you’ll be exposed to some of these allergy-triggers, you’d be surprised at how many may show up in unexpected places.
- Includes dozens of grass, tree, bush, weed and flower species.
- Lightweight and windblown, pollen likes to get around. Ragweed, one source of pollen grains, has been discovered as far as 650km out to sea and 3km up into the atmosphere!
- Pet Dander
- The allergy-causing proteins in pet dander—animal dandruff and dried saliva—are found not only in the usual cat and dog allergy suspects, but also in guinea pigs, gerbils, hamsters and rabbits, to name just a few.
- Allergy-triggering dander particles are so light they can be transported in the air and carried on clothes and hair.
- Microscopic mould spores float in the air like pollen and are very common both inside and outside. They can “lurk” virtually anywhere if the conditions are right—in damp basements, behind walls and on soap-coated grout. They sneak around also in decaying leaves and on plants, trees and in compost.
- A couple of quick heads-ups: One common mould, aspergillus, can turn up in air conditioning and heating ducts. Another, alternaria, thrives on outdoor vegetation from the spring through autumn—and just may be a hiking tag-along.
- Dust Mites
- The dozens of varieties of these tiny, spider-like creatures are a key player in dust allergies.
- House dust mites are the most common allergen source in humid areas such as coastal cities and towns. Levels tend to be lower in drier inland areas. There is no easy way of removing house dust mites.
The Allergic Cascade
Allergies set in when the immune system identifies a usually harmless substance as a threat or “invader” and goes into defence mode.
To rid itself of the invader, a three-step “allergic cascade” of body responses is set in motion:
- Step One: Expel it!
- Itchy eyes and nose
- Step Two: Flush it!
- Runny nose
- Watery eyes
- Step Three: Block it!
An antihistamine works by targeting and hindering the action of a key contributor to the allergic cascade.
There are hundreds of different allergens that come from pets, pollen, dust, and mould.
Claratyne provides 24-hour relief of symptoms, such as sneezing, itchy, watery eyes, runny nose and itchy skin that can be triggered by over 200 different allergens.
Keep reading: Summer Sniffles? Allergies or a Cold?